Just a few pimples? For many teenagers, pimples and pustules on the face are a disaster. But acne can be treated well. The earlier therapy begins, the sooner the skin disease can be managed and scarring can be prevented.
Acne during puberty – almost every adolescent knows the problem. Some only struggle with a few blackheads and pimples, others suffer from countless inflamed pustules and nodules – and not only on the face, but also on the back and décolleté. “About 15 to 20 out of 100 adolescents are affected by a moderate to severe form of acne, boys more often than girls,” says Thomas Ebel, a doctor in the AOK Federal Association. This makes acne the most common skin disease in young people. Often times, acne will go away on its own by around 20 years of age. However, some people still have acne when they are over 30.
Medical professionals differentiate between mild, moderate and severe acne. In the light, non-inflammatory form, blackheads form, some of which turn black. This is not due to dirt, but to the skin pigment melanin. In moderate acne, there are significantly more acne pimples to be seen. More inflamed pimples are called “papules” (small nodules) or “pustules” (with a collection of pus). In severe forms, those affected suffer from a large number of pustules and lumps in the skin. Even after the disease has subsided, scars can remain.
In the sensitive phase of puberty, the skin blemishes often mean a massive psychological burden. Many teenagers are ashamed of their appearance, feel ugly, even inferior. Support from family and friends can then be particularly helpful – and knowing what you can and shouldn’t do.
Many young people think that their blemished skin has to do with poor hygiene. “The opposite is the case: too frequent washing can also irritate the skin,” warns the best dermatologist in delhi for hair. It is not your own fault if you have acne. Rather, the trigger is the hormonal change in puberty. Genetic predisposition probably also plays a role. The change is controlled by hormones such as androgens. Androgens are male sex hormones which, however, are also increasingly formed by the female body during puberty. Among other things, they stimulate the skin to produce more fat. The sebum is called sebum and is produced by the sebum glands. The sebum keeps the skin supple and protects it. However, if a horny layer forms at the exit of a sebum gland, the sebum cannot drain away. It then accumulates in the sebum and a blackhead is created. If this becomes infected, an acne pimple will form. Acne occurs primarily where there are a particularly large number of sebum glands: on the face, chest, back and shoulders.
Leave “acne toilet” to experts
It is tempting to want to squeeze out the pimples and blackheads. “But the pressure can get the pus deeper into the skin, which increases the inflammation,” warns AOK doctor Thomas Ebel. Expressing it can also contribute to scarring. Therefore, it is better to leave the so-called acne toilet to specialists in a medical cosmetic studio or in the dermatologist’s practice, who can open the pimples there under hygienic conditions. The affected skin area is first softened with warm water or a steam bath in order to then work on the pimples with special small instruments.
It is understandable that people with acne should invest a lot of time and money in skin care. But normal soaps with a high pH value can irritate the skin, while greasy creams clog the pores even more. For daily cleaning, all you need is lukewarm water and a soap-free cleaning agent that is adapted to the skin’s pH value, which is 5.5. Day cream and make-up should contain as little fat as possible; light oil-in-water emulsions are recommended. This skin care treatment can be enough for mild acne. There are also chemical peeling agents to buy in pharmacies or drugstores: They dry out the skin, remove superficial flakes of skin so that the sebum can drain off better, and have an antibacterial effect. When tinted, they can be used as make-up and cover blemishes.
Severe acne should always be treated by a dermatologist. For example, he can decide whether it makes sense to also prescribe drugs in the form of tablets, such as hormones or antibiotics. The dermatologist may also consider phototherapy. “Patients need patience with all therapies,” says physician Ebel. “The funds have to be used for weeks or months before they are successful.”
Blemished Skin: The Best Home Remedies For Pimples
Causes of Blemished Skin
Are pimples and blemishes annoying you again and again? Don’t worry – you’re not alone with this. Finding effective skin care products that suit your skin type sometimes takes a little patience. But before you try your hand at numerous expensive cosmetics from conventional retailers, try it in a completely natural way with home remedies.
The most common physical causes of blemished skin are hormonal and metabolic disorders . The following can also be the cause or promoter of acne:
- An imbalance in your intestinal bacteria or certain diets – especially lots of sugar, milk and wheat – can produce substances through the metabolism that promote the development of pimples.
- Alcohol and nicotine – your body tries to transport the toxins it has received back to the outside through the skin.
- hidden inflammation
But no matter what the underlying cause of your pimples – you usually won’t go wrong with gentle home remedies. Use them to do something good for your skin and to feel good all around.
Severe acne or itchy, inflamed pimples can indicate illness. If your pimples are over normal, see a dermatologist. He will clarify whether the cause does not come from within. Your dermatologist can use blood samples to rule out physical causes and, if necessary, treat them.